Dating peter jarvis
Frescoes in the second room, Sala della Segnatura, were painted by Raphael between 15 and along with the Sistine Chapel, represent the supreme achievement of Renaissance painting.The paintings convey that period's culture in all its splendor, and show humanist themes -- the natural sciences attainable without divine revelation, philosophy, history, mathematics, civil law, and justice. Peter's Basilica was laid out by Bernini between 16 to provide a setting where the faithful from all over the world could gather.
These late-15th-century paintings already reflect the ideas of humanism, recognizing humans as individuals and important in the historical process.
It still serves that purpose admirably, and is filled to capacity each Easter Sunday and on other important occasions.
The large oval area, 372 meters long, is enclosed at each end by semicircular colonnades surmounted by a balustrade with 140 statues of saints.
It's from the old church, as are the double bronze doors.
The huge nave - 185 meters long and 46 meters tall - rises to a dome 119 meters above and can accommodate a congregation of more than 60,000.
Also on the right is the richly decorated Chapel of the Sacrament, with Bernini's tabernacle and his rival Borromini's bronze grille. The bronze throne in the apse, flanked by papal tombs, is also by Bernini. Near the Baptistery are the stairs (a lift is outside near the Gregorian Chapel) to the roof, from which you can climb 330 steep steps inside the dome to the lantern for a closer look at the dome's structure and magnificent views over St. Below the church is the crypt, with more papal tombs and an excavated cemetery, which about 250 people a day can visit on a guided tour.
Michelangelo's dome is held on four massive pentagonal piers, and below it, under Bernini's magnificent Baroque bronze baldacchino (canopy), is the Papal altar. Built by Pope Sixtus IV in 1473-84, the Sistine Chapel is a rectangular hall that is the Pope's domestic chapel, also used for services and special occasions.
Medieval art includes Byzantine, Sienese, Umbrian, and Tuscan paintings, as well as a Giotto triptych and a These rooms, commissioned by the art-loving Pope Julius II and after him by Pope Leo X, are covered with a magnificent series of frescoes by Raphael.
In re-discovering the traditions of historical painting, Raphael began an art tradition that was to be followed for centuries.
Michelangelo began work on the large fresco on the altar wall in 1534, depicting the final scene in the story of the world, the Last Judgment.
Its dramatic presentation and artistic finesse rank it as one of the greatest achievements of European painting.
The Vatican Museums have the largest collection of ancient sculpture in the world, mainly found in Rome and the surrounding areas, most of it displayed in the systematic arrangement designed by Popes Clement XIV and Pius VI from 1769 to 1799.